A WordPress user left a comment on one of my older posts – the one where I talk about my M.Ed. thesis. She requested that I share with her the (admittedly simple) questionnaire that I used. She writes:
“Glad I saw your website and found many good resources. I’m doing my dissertation research on using MMORPGs to facilitate Enlish vocabulary learning for ELLs. I’m wondersing is that possbile that you could share your questionniare in this study with me? I’m trying to establish a questionnaire, and I think yours must be very helpful for my research. If I’m going to adapt it and use it for my paper, I surely will cite it. Thank you.” – Kathy
The validity of the questionnaire was established using SPSS (under the supervision of one of the University of Puerto Rico’s School of Education statistics faculty, the most senior professor of research methodologies, and the coordinator for Education and ESL research) for content validity, face validity, construct validity, and criterion validity. It was evaluated based on readability, feasibility, clarity and wording, and layout.
The reliability of the questionnaire was determined by first performing small-scale pilot studies and cross-referencing the results for stability, consistency, and equivalence.
You can find the questionnaire here: Questionnaire
Find below the presentations offered at Connections Week 2017, as well as links to any relevant documents.
I finally finished reading through Blake J. Harris’ Console Wars, (one week reading time) and I can confidently say that, outside of fantasy and poetry, it is the most enjoyable book I have ever read. Even during the week and with my duties (correcting papers, preparing lessons, etc) I often found myself sneaking time in to be able to follow the exploits of SEGA of America and its team of executives. As I mentioned in my First Impressions post, the book focuses on the only true console war that the video game industry has ever experienced – the 16 bit console war. The book chronicles the exploits of Tom Kalinske and his steam at SEGA of America as they grow the small company from one with a hold on a meager 5% of the video game market share to a gargantuan powerhouse that at its highest point dominated over 60% of the 16-bit market.
The book, written in accessible prose, is full of interesting (if remixed) conversations between Kalinske and his lieutenants at SEGA of America. Some of the most memorable figures in the story include Al Nilsen (the likable mastermind who marketed the Genesis and its 2 cool mascot), Race (a video game veteran who worked at Atari, Nintendo, SEGA, and Sony, and whose comments on Japanese culture made him come across as one of the least likable figures on Kalinske’s team), EBVB (Ellen Beth Van Buskirk Knapp, a brilliant executive whose efforts helped build the image of the Genesis as the “cool” gaming system), and Shinobu Toyoda (the liaison between SEGA of America and SEGA of Japan).
Although the book does go into historical events that changed the face of the gaming landscape and the industry as a whole, such as its exposition of the lawsuits between Universal and Nintendo over Donkey Kong and the clash between EA, who successfully reverse-engineered the Genesis, and SEGA, its focus is not to document historical events as much as it is to chronicle the story of a company and its CEO, and it does so brilliantly.
My favorite thing about the book is how it sheds light on the events and corporate philosophies and decisions going on behind the curtain – events that help shed on the disastrous turn of events that happened for SEGA during the end of its 16-bit days and that help explain, to some extent, the current condition of the Wii U.
During my PhD studies, I lost a passion for many things. I lost a passion for playing games. Playing games to analyze them because I had to was not as rewarding as doing the same when I did it because I wanted to. I lost a passion for reading, both fiction and nonfiction. I lost a passion for scholarship, the history of the medium, and the medium as a whole. This summer, now that I don’t HAVE to do these things, I am re-discovering that long lost love for my chosen medium.
First in this quest of rediscovery is the book Console Wars by Blake Harris. I found this book three days ago while randomly browsing the science fiction and fantasy section in my local book store. Clearly, it was misplaced. However, as a student of gaming, it spoke to me. The book follows the exploits of SEGA and Nintendo’s top brass and how they attempted to outsell each other during the days of the Genesis vs SNES console wars. I have yet to finish it, thus “first impressions”, but thus far it is an enjoyable read (almost reads like good fiction) that chronicles the corporate side of the 16 bit console wars. I’m 300 pages in (in 2 days? I haven’t done that in a while!) and I have loved every sentence of it. I am confident when I say that students of gaming, players in general (specially those who were in their teens during the console wars) and anyone interested in gaming will get a kick out of it.
Yes, it is ultimately glorification of corporate culture and marketing, but it is an incredibly compelling read that sheds light on what was happening behind the curtains during what is arguably the only true console war that the gaming industry has ever seen.